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[anglais] Key policies - Jean-Michel Blanquer - 30/09/2019

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From May 2017, personnel protection is a priority. There must be a systematic response to every act of violence committed within the school environment.

THE ESSENTIALS 
  • Since May 2017, personnel protection is a priority. A systematic solution to address each of the violent deeds committed within schools should be found.
  • After a teacher was assaulted in October 2018, the Prime Minister entrusted an appraisal mission to a member of parliament, a mayor and a chief education officer. Owing to this work, at the start of this school year, the Ministry of Education and Youth initiated an overall action plan aimed at protecting the school from all forms of violence and to provide seamless support to teachers.
  • The plan hinges on five priorities :
    - protect the school, secure the school setting and surroundings of institutions
    - boost disciplinary action in secondary schools
    - respond more efficiently to the most serious abuse committed by pupils or parents
    - deal with the most disruptive pupils and those who have been expelled from multiple schools
    - work with and hold families accountable.

Protect the school, secure the school setting and surroundings of institutions

Since May 2017, a ministry surveillance and alert unit has been helping improve assault and abuse reporting. It has helped establish clearer knowledge of the facts and the implementation of targeted interventions.

The executives, especially the management staff of institutions, have now received crisis management training, in partnership with the gendarmerie (French military police). 2,800 executives have already been trained in national internships and 400 have become school district instructors. At this pace, the training of all management personnel will be achieved by 2021-2022. Almost 85 % of school districts have established partnerships with law enforcement, mostly with the gendarmerie, the police, the army or the departmental fire and rescue department.

Starting from the start of the 2019-2020 school year :

  • in each department, an Education-Justice-Interior-Agriculture and Food agreement is established to clarify the roles and responsibilities of each one, ensure reporting and quick response to the most serious offences, better formulate legal and educational sanctions
  • personalised support of teachers and abuse victim support is established
  • School and institutional heads now have an abuse intermediary in school, appointed through Inspecteur d'Académie - Directeur Académique des Services de l'Education Nationale (IA-DASEN - School District Inspector - School District Director of National Education Departments), in each department
  • Neighbourhoods for Republican Reclamation (QRR) are subject to security actions around the concerned institutions (patrols, targeted prevention actions, etc.).

At the start of this school year, the personnel will receive :

  • two support guides in case of incivility or assault in connection with their job (primary and secondary schools)
  • an action protocol to be better assisted when a complaint is filed against them.

Boost response to incivility in secondary schools

Disciplinary procedures are simplified and reinforced in secondary schools :

  • simplification :
    - reducing the minimum period after which the head of the institution can deliver a disciplinary sanction alone from three to two days at least
    - shortening the time to be summoned before a disciplinary board from eight to five days
    - lightening summoning modalities.

  • reinforcement :
    - extending the sanction maintenance period (except for a warning and definitive expulsion) in the pupils' administrative file.
    - extending the period during which a suspension can be revoked
    - automatic revocation of a suspension in case of a new disciplinary sanction that is at least equivalent to the disciplinary sanction to which the suspension applies.

Pupils who have been suspended from the institution due to abuse will be subject to, after they resume, regular follow-up to ensure they have indeed understood the purpose of their sanction and to verify that their behaviour is improving.

Respond more efficiently to the most serious abuses

School abuse offences, committed within the establishment or around it, will lead to :

  • a systematic response, be it disciplinary and/or criminal, with an educational aim
  • support for the victims to allow them to continue their studies/jobs within the establishment under optimal conditions.

Community service is among the potential sanctions. Thanks to the Agence nationale pour le travail d'intêret général (ANTIG - National Agency for Community Service) created in late 2018, tutors can nous supervise community service. The descriptions of the community service actions established with the Agency specify :

  • the nature of the activity
  • its modalities within the establishment
  • its educational benefits
  • the choice of the tutor in charge, who has undergone appropriate training.

Deal with the most disruptive pupils and those who have been expelled from multiple schools

Today, around 1,500 pupils have been expelled several times from their various institutions.

In order to help the educational teams and families deal with highly disruptive pupils and those who have been expelled from multiple schools, two new provisions have been set up :

  • the intervention of the équipe mobile mixte d'intervention scolaire (academic intervention mixed mobile team) upon request of the school or institution for a pupil who has repeatedly demonstrated highly disruptive academic behaviour. In conjunction with the teaching staff and families, an agreement is established with the pupil in order to hold the pupil accountable by clearly informing them of their obligations in order to avoid a new sanction
  • assignment to a classes relais (remedial class) for at least six months upon decision of the IA-DASEN. Before, the family's consent was compulsory.

Currently, 298 remedial classes can each receive 12 pupils for six months. The potential maximum capacity is thus 7,152 places across the entire school year.

In addition to these measures, the internats tremplin (springboard boarding schools) will receive pupils who have seriously deviated from the requirements of life in school. These boarding schools offer enhanced teaching and educational supervision based on specifications defined on a national level.
The new structures will be created by transforming the current remedial boarding schools.

Work with and hold families accountable

Addressing school violence entails dialogue and assumption of responsibility by the persons legally responsible for the pupil. Hence, this school year, a parent support and accountability protocol (PAR) has been established between parents or legal representatives of a pupil and the IA-DASEN when a pupil has been definitively expelled twice during the same school year.

 
 
A school building unit to support local authorities
Several major progress angles have already been identified
The 63,000 primary and secondary schools in France, represent property evaluated at 150 million m², whose construction, maintenance, renovation and restructuring entirely falls under the jurisdiction of communes (schools), departments (lower secondary schools) and regions (upper secondary schools). The technical condition of the stock, safety, accessibility, energy performance, but also adapting the buildings to current and future teaching practices are major stakes for the proper operations of public education service.
 
The Ministry of Education and Youth wishes to support local authorities on this issue. Hence, it has decided to endow itself with a school building unit whose purpose will be to coordinate actions based on three major themes :
  • monitoring the condition of buildings of institutions, consolidated nationally, making it possible to have an overall vision of the building situation of schools
  • risk prevention
  • consulting capacity among contracting local authorities, particularly in connection with brainstorming around what the primary and secondary school of the future should be.

 
 
More key policies
 

Last updated : nov. 8, 2019

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