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Guide pupils better and lead them to success
[anglais] Key policies - Jean-Michel Blanquer - 11/10/2019

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In this academic year 2019, the public career guidance service has a new framework that makes the regions more closely linked to the needs of pupils and the opportunities offered by the local areas.

  • There is not enough support for pupils in designing their project in France. This is a source of concern for the pupils and of inequality for those whose families are not familiar with how the educational system works.
  • This is why, at the start of this 2019 school year, the public school guidance service has a new framework that associates the regions, focusing on the needs of pupils and opportunities offered by the regions.
  • In addition, the number of pupils monitored under the Cordées de la réussite (roped together for success) scheme is expected to more than double in two years, increasing from 80,000 to 180,000 pupils.

Time set aside for guidance from grade 8 to grade 12

Pupils need time to fine tune their desires, consolidate their motivations and acquire information on all the training pathways and channels open to them. The educational teams, especially the head teachers, national education psychologists and teacher librarians now have time specifically to help them.

From Grade 8, pupils have twelve specific guidance hours, followed by 36 hours in Grade 9. They can thus develop the choices that they have to make between an upper secondary general and technological or vocational school, a CAP (Certificat d'aptitude professionelle - Certificate of Vocational Aptitude) or an apprenticeship.

In upper secondary general and technological school, the pupils have 54 hours guidance assistance every year. At the same time that they are exploring upper training courses and professions, they are building their pathway in a new upper secondary school that gives them both more choice and more freedom in making a success of their project. In upper secondary vocational school, pupils have 265 hours of support over three years with part devoted to guidance. In vocational Grade 12, depending on their project, pupils can opt to follow the career integration preparation module or the further study preparation module.

Guidance focusing on pupils and regions

Within lower and upper secondary schools

The entire educational team is involved in guiding pupils. This is an on-going process throughout the years from Grade 8 to Grade 12.

The head teachers, mainly in Grade 12 where there have been two since the start of the 2017 school year, play an essential role in managing these times. They are assisted by guidance staff and CIO (Centre d'Information et d'Orientation - Information and Guidance Centre) resources.

Together they :

  • conduct regular reviews with the pupils
  • arrange guidance and profession forums
  • encourage pupils to get work experience and attend open days
  • bring in the regional guidance services.

At the heart of regions

To anchor the guidance services as closely as possible in the regional training courses and local economic needs, the State has entrusted the regions with new guidance responsibilities. The regions may intervene in the upper and lower secondary schools and organise information actions directly with the pupils under times set aside for guidance.
To achieve this, a national reference framework was signed on 28 May 2019 with the Regions of France association that sets out the respective roles of the State and the regions and guarantees the public service unit by broadcasting exhaustive and objective information. In addition in each regional education authority, a regional agreement must define the concrete methods for coordinating actions by the State and the regions.

The region may delegate its partners to conduct information actions : regional businesses, consular chambers, professional branches and local or national associations.

Equal opportunities at the heart of the public guidance service

2019-2020 : doubling of the Cordées de la réussite

The Cordées de la réussite offer greater social equality in access to top-level training.

This is an interministerial system sponsored by the Ministry of National Education and Youth, the Ministry of Higher Education, Research and Innovation and the Ministry of Regional Cohesion.

The "tête de cordée" (literally head of the rope) is a higher education establishment (upper secondary school with CPGE (preparation for admission to Grandes Ecoles) or BTS (Brevet de Technicien Supérieur - Higher Technical Certificate). Here tutors to support the pupils are made available to lower and upper secondary school pupils in priority urban districts or in rural areas.

Pupils enjoy extra support and social openness and cultural activities (museum visits, information on school guidance, visits to companies, etc.) which gives them confidence in themselves and their success. 80,000 pupils are involved in this system ; next year there will be 180,000.

Cordées de la réussite

Obligation to train youngsters up to 18 years old

The obligation to train youngsters aged 16 to 18 forms part of the law For a School of Trust from the start of the 2020 school year.

More key policies

Last updated : nov. 8, 2019

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