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Better preparing students for the job market
[anglais] Information - Jean-Michel Blanquer - 17/06/2018

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Transforming vocational upper-secondary schools is essential for giving young people an easier access to the job market.

THE ESSENTIALS 
  • Transforming vocational upper-secondary schools is essential to giving young people easier access to the job market. Youth unemployment today is at 20 % in France compared to 15 % in Europe and 6 % in Germany. At the same time, the strengthening of vocational schools is essential to assuring France's economic recovery.
  • This transformation therefore has two objectives : first, to promote the vocational school to students through better support and more progressive and varied courses. Secondly, vocational secondary-school courses must prepare students for the professions of the future.
  • Vocational schools must take full account of changes in contemporary society, particularly the consequences of the digital revolution and the transition to sustainable energy.

Starting the transformation in 2018

Better support: a placement test at the beginning of tenth grade

Students will now take a placement test at the beginning of vocational secondary school. It will allow them to take stock of both their acquired skills and the difficulties they experience in French and mathematics. Depending on their results, students can then benefit from help to consolidate their basic skills.

Preparing for further studies: "bridge classes" for the higher vocational diploma (BTS)

Today, only 59 % of vocational school graduates who enter a BTS program pass it.

Two thousand spots have been created in "bridge classes" to help students succeed in BTS programs.

Newly created or improved training

After consultation with professionals, vocational diplomas will change to take account of economic changes, the challenges of the transition to sustainable energy and the digital revolution.

In this new academic year, new diplomas have been created to allow students to enter professions that are in high demand :

  • seven certificates of professional aptitude (CAP), including for cheesemakers, electricians and thermal installation technicians
  • eight BTS, including architecture in metal : conception and realization, water-related professions, negotiation and digitalization of customer relations, and hotel management and catering.

Creation of a new generation of campus

In close collaboration with regional presidents, professionals and companies, the Ministry of National Education aims to establish at least three campuses per region by 2022. This new generation of campus will serve simultaneously as places to live, train and innovate, dedicated to a forward-looking professional sector. Each campus of excellence will include :

  • cultural and sports infrastructure
  • a boarding school
  • secondary and higher-education establishments offering professional training, open to young people studying for CAPs, vocational degrees or even doctoral degrees
  • technical and research centers, training organizations (apprentice training centers, continuing education centers, etc.)
  • partner companies
  • fab labs and business incubators
  • a network of associated training institutes near campus

Training offered in vocational secondary schools will be organized in networks to ensure innovation and the exchange of best practices.

Continuing changes in 2019

More progressive and clearer programs

From the start of the 2019 school year, tenth grade in vocational school will be organized by families of professions. Several vocational baccalauréats will be grouped together on the basis of common professional skills studied in tenth grade. Thus, students will acquire an early professional foundation, while understanding the issues and the professions in a certain sector of activity, which will allow them to more easily choose a specialty at the end of tenth grade. September 2019 will see the introduction of three families of professions, with more added in future years.

During the final year of vocational school, depending on post-graduate plans, students will have the opportunity to choose between a vocational and entrepreneurship integration module and a study-continuation module.

The CAP can be prepared in one, two or three years, depending on the needs of students, the advice of the teaching team and the school's governing body.

 
 
The families of pr ofessions proposed in S eptember 2019
  • Sustainable construction, construction and public works professions
  • Administrative management, transportation and logistics professions
  • Customer relations, trade and sales professions

Review of all degrees

To continuously adapt training to the challenges of the 21st century, the Ministry of National Education will now review the content of training courses every five years in the framework of the professional advisory committees.
This includes taking into account current technological changes.

This work must also encompass programs, in partnership with local authorities, to promote courses and diplomas that lead to employment and reorient those that do not.

 
 
Digital educational resources
The School, Digital, Industry (ÉNI) project aims to create a platform of digital educational resources that promotes industry. After a successful first experience in the fields of energy, construction and robotics, this Etincel platform will progressively cover all industrial sectors, offering students and teachers educational resources for vocational and technological education.

These resources, co-produced by industry (branches, federations and companies) and the Ministry of National Education, use all the potential of digital tools (entertainment, training games, etc.) and are based on today's realities. They satisfy many ambitions :
  • to promote the technical and industrial culture
  • to offer a concrete and motivating aspect to traditional instruction
  • to highlight the attractiveness of industrial trades
  • to encourage shared training between schools and industries
  • to develop open-platform resources for education as well as businesses.
The ÉNI project aims to bring academic education closer to authentic industrial situations in order to increase students' motivation and familiarize them with diverse professions.

Last updated : janv. 3, 2019

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