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Towards a new general and technological baccalauréat in 2021
[anglais] Information - Jean-Michel Blanquer -

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The excessive complexity of the baccalauréat doesn't guarantee success in higher education. Therefore, Jean-Michel Blanquer is restructuring the general and technological baccalauréat to make it a springboard to success.

  • The baccalauréat is an essential landmark in students' education. However, its excessive complexity and lack of coherence do not guarantee success in higher education. Today, only 27 % of students obtain their bachelor's degree within the three expected years.
  • Starting in 2021, the general and technological baccalauréat will therefore be restructured to make it a springboard to success. Students entering tenth grade this year will be the first concerned.
  • In preparation, upper secondary school is redesigned to help students better plan their education and acquire the knowledge and skills needed to pursue their studies.

[Infographics] Knowing all about the 2021 baccalauréat

A baccalauréat that takes students' work into account

Today, students are evaluated during one week of tests. In comparison, the 2021 baccalauréat will be based, in part, on continuing coursework evaluations in eleventh and twelfth grades, as well as on the traditional final exams.

Final exam results reduced to 60 % of the final grade

Like today, each upper secondary-school student will present a written and oral test in French at the end of eleventh grade. In twelfth grade, students will take four final exams :

  • two written tests will focus on subjects chosen by the candidate
  • a written philosophy test : a French tradition, which aims to reinforce critical thinking and analysis
  • an oral presentation prepared during the course of twelfth grade : knowing how to express oneself correctly in French is essential for studies, as well as for personal and professional life.

Coursework evaluations to count for 40% of the final grade

  • 30 % of the final grade will be composed of general tests organized in three sequences in the second and third quarters of eleventh grade and during the second quarter of twelfth grade, like the current baccalauréats blancs (practice tests).
    - The tests will focus on areas not covered by the final exams.
    - To ensure fairness, topics will be drawn from a national database. Tests will be anonymous and corrected by professors who are not the students' own.
    Standardization will be ensured at the academic level.
  • 10 % of the final grade will correspond to eleventh and twelfth-grade report-card results for all courses in order to take into account students' daily work.

A general and technological upper-secondary school to succeed

A new approach to instruction

After changes in tenth grade at the start of the 2018 school year, general and technological upper-secondary schools will continue to evolve in September 2019. The aim is to give students a common culture and enable them to plan their education in a more progressive way.

  • In general upper-secondary school, in eleventh and twelfth grades, the specialized streams (science, economics, literature) will be abolished in favor of common instruction, with a choice of three majors of four hours each in eleventh grade and two majors of six hours each in twelfth, to which optional courses may be added.
  • In technological upper-secondary school, instruction will reinforce the common student culture, while students will continue to choose a specialized stream.

A new approach to the final cycle of general upper-secondary school i.e. the last two years will allow students to focus more on areas that will help them succeed in higher education :

  • new instruction : all students will take a science and a computer course in eleventh and twelfth grades, subjects that are indispensable to meeting the challenges of the 21st century
  • in general upper-secondary schools, a wide choice of majors will be able to be combined, according to students' wishes and regional course offerings : digital and computer sciences ; humanities, literature and philosophy ; history, geography, geopolitics and political science ; foreign languages, literature and cultures ; literature, languages and cultures of Antiquity ; the arts ; biology, ecology ; mathematics ; physics, chemistry ; life and earth sciences ; engineering sciences ; economics and social sciences
  • optional courses to further focus students' choices, particularly in mathematics, with complementary mathematics instruction or advanced mathematics

Enhanced support to help students choose their focus

To help students, upper secondary schools will offer :

  • a time, beginning in tenth grade, dedicated to three main objectives: discover and navigate the professional world ; become familiar with higher-education tracks and their employment perspectives ; develop an education plan
  • two teachers in twelfth grade to counsel students
  • better coordination of all stakeholders.

Beginning with the 2018 school year, changes in tenth grade

As part of the 2021 baccalauréat and vocational secondary school reform, tenth grade (general, technological and vocational) will undergo changes beginning in September 2018, including reinforced support for students in formulating a personal education plan.

The new tenth grade in September 2019

After these initial changes, new tenth-grade schedules and curricula will come into force in September 2019.

As in all upper secondary-school grades, these schedules provide for common instruction, including in digital sciences and technology, and economics and social sciences. These two subjects will be taught for the first time to all tenth-grade students.
Optional courses will also be offered to students in general and technological education.

The Minister of National Education asked the Conseil supérieur des programmes to propose new upper secondary-school curricula in November 2018, which will then be reviewed by teachers and union repesentatives.

Last updated : nov. 27, 2018

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